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Mammals Checklist

Cats

Tiger
Local name: Sher, Bagh;
Scientific name: Panthera tigris

Leopard or Panther
Local name: Tendua/ Cheetah
Scientific name: Panthera pardus

Jungle cat
Local name: Jungli billi;
Scientific name: Felis chaus

Dogs

Wolf
Local name: Bhediya;
Scientific name: Canis lupus

Jackal
Local name: Gidar, siyar, sikat;
Scientific name: Canis aureus

Indian Fox
Local name: Lomri, phyao;
Scientific name: Vulpes bengalensis

Dhole or Indian Wild Dog
Local name: Sone Kutta
Scientific name: Cuon alpinus

Hyaenas

Striped Hyaena
Local name: Lakkar bagga;
Scientific name: Hyaena hyaena

Bears

Sloth Bear
Local name: Bhalu;
Scientific name: Melursus ursinus

Apes, Monkeys, Lemurs

Common or Grey Langur
Local name: bander;
Scientific name: Presbytis entellus.

Rhesus Macaque
Local name: Bander, lal mooh walla;
Scientific name: Macaca mulatta

Antelopes, Gazelles

Blue Bull
Local name: Nilgai,
Scientific name: Boselaphus tragocamelus

Four gorned Antelope
Local name: Chowsingha;
Scientific name: Tetraceros quadricornis

Chinkara
Local name: Chahiugari, chinkara,
Scientific name: Gazella gazella

Gaur
Local name: Jungli Bhains;
Scientific name: Bos gaurus

Deer

Sambar
Local name: Sambar;
Scientific name: Cervus unicolor

Spotted Deer
Local name: chital;
Scientific name: Cervus (Axis)axis

Muntjac of Barking Deer
Local name Bhansa of Kadad;
Scientific name: Muntiacus muntjak

Indian Wild Boar
Local name: Suar;
Scientific name: Sus scrofa

Civets

Small Indian Civet
Local name: Kasturi;
Scientific name: Viverricula indica

Common Palm civet of Toddy Cat
Local name: Kasturi;
Scientific name: Paradoxurus hermaphroditus

Mongooses

Ruddy Mongoose
Local name: Neola, newra;
Scientific name: Herpestes smithii

Common Mongoose
Local name: Neola, newra;
Scientific name: Herpestes edwardsi

Weasels

Honey Badger of Ratel
Local name: Bijoo, Kabar bijoo;
Scientific name: Mellivora capensis

Insectivores

Indian Tree Shrew
Scientific name: Anathana ellioti

Grey Musk Shrew
Local name: Chhuchunder;
Scientific name: Suncus murinus

Bats

Flying Fox
Scientific name: (Pteropus giganteus)

Fulvous Fruit Bat
Local name: Chimkadar;
Scientific name: Rousettus leschenaulti

Indian False Vampire
Local name: Chimkadar;
Scientific name: Megaerma lyra

Indian Pipistrelle
Local name: Chimkadar
Scientific name: Pipistrellus coromandra

Rodents

Five-striped Palm Squirrel
Local name: Gilheri;
Scientific name: Funambulus pennanti

Indian Mole Rat
Scientific name: Bandicota bengalensis

Indian Porcupine
Local name: Sehi;
Scientific name: Hystrix indica

Hares

Indian Hare
Local name: Khargosh;
Scientific name: Lepus nigricollis

Pangolins

Indian Pangolin
Scientific name: Manis crassicaudata





Tree Checklist

List of flora with common name,local name and botanical name, and the type of habitat where there are found :

Dipterocarpaceae

Sal, Sarai
Shorea robusta
Moist areas: in Sal, mixed & riverine types.

Poaceae

Bamboo, Bans
Dendrocalamus strictus
With Sal, in pure stands, mixed and dry

Hetropogon spp.
Grassland

Saccharum spontaneum
Grassland

Sassland munja
Grassland

Vetiver
Vetiveria zizanoides
Grassland

Phragmytes sp.
Grassland

Themeda sp
Grassland

Myrtaceae

Kumbhi
Careya arborea
Mixed.

Jamun
Syzigium Cuminii
Moist mixed, riverine.

Leguminoceae

Karhi, Safedsiris
Albizzia Procera
Sandy riverine, Mixed.

Bansa, Kalasiris
Albizzia labbek
Mixed, dry mixed.

Leguminoceae Papilimeae

Gulhari
Spatholobus roxburghi
Sal.

Leguminoceae, Legumes Mimosaceae

Khair Katha
Acacia katechu

Reunjha
Acacia leucophlea
Dry mixed

Ehretiaceae

Rori
Ehretia laevis
Riverine, very moist and shaded.

Anacardiaceae

Mango, Aam
Mangifera indica
Moist mixed

Chironji, Achar
Buchanania lanzin
Mixed, dry mixed

Semecarpus anacardium
Mixed, dry mixed.

Gurja
Lannea grandis
Mixed.

Bombacaceae

Kapok of Silk Cotton
Simal, Semar
Bombax ceiba
Sandy riverine.

Apocymaceae

Satparni
Alstonia scolaris
Moist mixed.

Sapotaceae
Mahua
Madhuca indica
Mixed.

Ebenaceae

Indian Ebony or Bidi
Leaf tree, Tendu
Diospyros melanoxylon
Mixed

Burceraceae
Frankincense Tree, Salai
Boswellia Serrata
Dry mixed, mixed.

Lythraceae

Sedha, Sejhi
Laegostroemia Parviflora
Dry mixed, degraded forest

Phulchiriya
Woodfordia fruticosa
Srrub, dry mixed

Dilleniaceae
Dillenia pentagyna
Mixed

Flacourtiaceae

Kakai
Flacourtia Ramatchi
Mixed

Moraceae
Banyan    Badh    Ficus bangalensis
Pipal                     Ficus religiosa
Gular
Moit mixed           Ficus glomerata
Moist mixed         Fucus elastica

Euphorbiaceae

Kasai
Bridelia retusa
Mixed

Ambla
Emblica officianalis
Mixed, dry mixed

Sinduri
Mallotus Philippinensis
Moist mixed

Rutaceae
Bhirra
Chloraxylon Swietania
Dry mixed

Sterculiaceae

Gum karaya
Sterculia urens
Dry mixed

Maror phalli, Jonkh - Ainthi
Helictres isora
Mixed, in dense thickets.

Rubiaceae

Haldu, Hardu, Karam
Adina cardifolia
Mixed

Mudhhru
Mitagyna parviflora
Mixed

Bel
Aegle marmelos
Mixed, dry mixed.

Caesalpinaceae
Amaltas
Cassia fistula
Mixed

Chakaunda, Chakaura
Cassia tora
Overgrazed meadow

Kathmahila
Bauhinia racemosa
Mixed, in hilly country

Mehroin
Bauhinia vahlii
Mixed

Fabaceae
Bija Bijhar
Pterocarpus marsupium
Mixed

Dhobena
Dalbergia paniculata
Mixed,dry mixed

Palash, Chhula
Butea monosperma
Scrub, degraded forest.

Butea superba
Dry mixed.

Orchid
Vanda sp.

Sapindaceae

Kusum
Schleichera trijuga
Mixed

Bixaceae

Yellow silk cotton
Cochlospermum religiosum
Dry mixed, scrub, mixed degraded forest

Loranthaceae

Viscum
Parasite, especially on Mahua
Loranthus
Dry mixed

Asteraceae
Kutha
Xanthium Spp.
Scrub, overgrazed meadow.

Malvaceae

Sida acuta
Overgrazed meadow.

Kari
Sacopetalum tomentosa
Mixed.

Combretaceae

Saj, Badh saj
Terminalia tomintoso
Often with sal, mixed.

Chebulic myrobalan, Harra
Terminalia chebula
Mixed.

Bellaric myrobalan, Bahera
Terminalia bellarica
Mixed.

Arjun, Kohwa
Terminalia arjuna
Riverine.

Dhawa, Dhausa
Anogeissus latifolia
Mixed

Rummaceae

Ber
Zizyphus jujuba
Scrub, dry mixed.

Gothar
Zizyphus xylopyrus
Dry mixed.

Makor, makoi
Zizyphys oenopholia
Scrub, dry mixed.


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